Acne can play a devastating role on a person's self-esteem. When women suffer acne as they age, its effects can be detrimental on their personal and professional lives. In some women, acne is caused by an excess of androgen (male) hormones. All women have some androgens. It is an excess that can cause a problem.
Androgens are hormones that stimulate the sebaceous glands and hair follicles in the skin. During menstruation, women, both young and old, tend to have acne flare-ups. Stress can also affect the levels of androgens, resulting in further breakouts. A vicious circle, because the appearance of acne may increase a woman's stress. Acne is a common form of skin disease. It can vary in severity, appear as buttons, white or black points in its benign form, or as pustules and cysts in its more severe form.
The form of nodular acne is characterized by blocked sebaceous glands that produce inflammation of the skin and tissues. In attempt to squeezing, you might end up with causing permanent scarring. The nodular acne, is also known as cystic acne. It is characterized by cysts and nodules on the skin deep. These cysts and nodules are actually blocking the sebaceous glands or oil-producing who broke open and produces inflammation and pus in the surrounding tissues of the skin.
These adult-acne outbreaks usually occur most often on the lower face, chin, jaw line and adult women. Some signs of hormonal acne, irregular menstrual cycles, acne premenstrual flares, excessive growth of hair on the face or body (hirsutism), and elevated blood levels of certain androgens. Cause hormonally influenced acne is generally limited to moderate inflammatory papules and small inflammatory nodules. Hormones are also responsible for acne in a percentage of pregnant women, as well; the sebaceous glands go into high gear during the third trimester, causing oily skin and frequent breakouts.
Some women even experience acne after menopause, when estrogen levels begin to taper off and testosterone becomes the dominant hormone. Several drugs to treat women with this type of acne. Low-dose estrogen birth control pills help suppress the androgen produced by the ovaries. Low-dose corticosteroid drugs, such as prednisone or dexamethasone, may suppress the androgen produced by the adrenal glands.
An antiandrogen drug, such as spironolactone (Aldactone). This medicine reduces excessive oil production. Birth control pills to help suppress the androgen produced by the ovaries Patients must generally take oral antibiotics for as long as 4 to 6 months to effectively treat acne. Sodium Sulfacetamide is very effective antibiotic to treat acne inflammation of the skin.
These drugs are also useful to open the pores in the fight against bacteria. The last treatment that can be applied to mild inflammatory acne is acne surgery. This form of treatment is rarely sought by the acne-inflicted people with mild cases. But surgery can make great improvements in the appearance of the skin and can then put the patient to the success of the surgery that can be caused by scars.
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